What is Gastric Sleeve Procedure?

Gastric sleeve surgery is a surgical intervention for obesity, which consists of removing approximately 80% of the gastric sheath and turning it into a kind of probe or tube.

In this way, the restriction of the amount of food taken by the patient is achieved by two mechanisms:

– The capacity of the stomach is reduced.

– Partial removal of the stomach causes the patient to secrete less ghrelin, the appetite-regulating

Who are the candidates for gastric sleeve procedure?

This surgery is suitable for people who are severely obese. After the surgery, the patient will feel full after eating less, which will make it easier for the diet to reach its goals.

What is Gastric Sleeve Duration?

    This surgery takes an average of 1 hour.

When is a gastric sleeve indicated?

Gastric sleeve is indicated in the following situations:

As a preliminary step to a second intervention in super obese patients.

In patients with serious medical conditions for which the malabsorption technique would not be indicated.

In adolescent patients who do not want to have more aggressive surgery.

In patients with a Body Mass Index between 35 and 45.

Indicated in patients with failed gastric band.

Gastric tube is a safe surgery to lose weight. Bariatric surgery is an intervention indicated for patients who want to lose weight.

How Much Weight Do Those Who Have Tube Stomach Surgery Lose?

Those after the surgery patients can lose around 15 kilos within a period of 1 month. Gastric sleeve surgery is a minimally invasive type of surgery, so it is safer than open surgery. Since it is done by laparoscopy, it will be sufficient for the specialists to make only 3 or 4 small incisions in the area to be operated in the area where the surgeon will work.

Until What Age Is Gastric Sleeve Surgery Performed?

This surgery is suitable for people between the ages of 18 and 65. Gastric sleeve surgery also ensures that the basic parts of the stomach are not touched and only a part of it is removed, creating a faster feeling of fullness in the patient. Gastric sleeve surgery is a safe surgical method of losing weight, so more and more people choose to have sleeve (gastrectomy) surgery. Expected results are similar to those obtained with gastric bypass. Average weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy is 60-70% and primarily occurs in the first 6-10 months.

How to Feed After Gastric Sleeve Surgery?

Low-sugar foods and low-calorie foods should be eaten. The advantages of the gastric sleeve are , preserving the anatomy and natural functioning of the stomach, thereby preserving the natural filling and emptying system.

It reduces the production of ghrelin, a hormone that regulates appetite, thus reducing the feeling of hunger.

The risk of surgery is lower as there is no passage or bypass between the intestines.

Vitamin loss, dumping or diarrhea are not observed in the patients.

Disadvantages of gastric sleeve ;

It is not a suitable technique for sweet-loving patients.

Possibility of nausea and/or vomiting until adequate intake.

Gastric sleeve operation – Intervention, postoperative and follow-up

The intervention takes approximately 2 hours.

Is Gastric Sleeve Surgery Applicable to Everyone?

It can be performed for patient candidates with a body mass index of 35 and above. Since the recovery process is fast, the hospital stay is usually 3-4 days. After 8 days, the patient can return to his/her normal activity unless he/she exerts physical effort. After 1 month, you can do physical exertion and do sports.

It is important to adapt to a smaller diet as it is a restrictive technique. It usually does not require nutritional supplements.

What is the process of returning to normal after gastric sleeve surgery?

People can return to their normal lives after a week.Follow-up is done annually in consultation with monthly reviews and follow-ups for the first six months followed by relevant analytical work.

Is There Any Scar After Tube Stomach Surgery?

There is not a very large scar, only small incision scars like a coin size. As we mentioned before, by reducing the stomach to 10-15% of its capacity, the amount of food you can eat will be much less.

As long as you follow the advice of experts, you can gradually lose weight until you reach your ideal weight. Although sleeve gastrectomy surgery shrinks your stomach and reduces its volume and capacity, we should emphasize that constant eating will not help you to lose weight in a continuous and healthy way.

Is There Any Pain After the Gastric Sleeve Surgery?

Painkillers can be used if there is no great pain. It should be noted that the patient should go to the clinics for regular check-ups with specialists to confirm that his operation is progressing correctly. In addition, considering that it is a life changing procedure and that he may need professional help to accept new developments in his body, the patient should receive psychological support periodically in the first months if the doctor deems it necessary.

Are Vitamin and Mineral Supplements Necessary After Gastric Sleeve Procedure?

Usually, vitamins are prescribed after surgery. There are long-term cares that you should follow after the surgery.

The doctor will give you a special medicine according to your condition. For the first few days after your  surgery, you will take pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs to help you have a more comfortable post-operative period.

Your diet will change. After gastric sleeve, you will not be able to eat solid foods at first, it will be added to your diet gradually. You will get the advices of a nutritionist who will inform you and help you with any questions you may have regarding to your new diet.

Also, the portions you can eat will be smaller and your diet will focus on nutrient-rich foods so your body is not deprived of anything.